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Acts and Policies
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016
The enactment of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 (RPwD Act 2016) fulfils the obligations to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), to which India is a signatory. The Act came into force in December 2016. This Act replaces the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. It emphasizes implementing principles such as respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy, including the freedom to make one’s own choices and the independence of persons. The act lays stress on non-discrimination, complete and adequate participation and inclusion in society, respect for difference and acceptance of disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity, equality of opportunity, accessibility, equality between men and women, respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities, and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities.
Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992
- The Rehabilitation Council of India was set up as a registered society in 1986. However, it was soon found that a society could not ensure proper standardization and acceptance of the standards by other Organizations.
- Act in 1992. The Parliament enacted Rehabilitation Council of India become a Statutory Body on 22nd June 1993.
- The RCI Act was amended by the Parliament in 2000 to work it more broad.
- The Act casts norms responsibility on the Council. it also prescribes that any one delivering services to people with disability, with out processing qualifications recognized by RCI, could be prosecuted.
- The Council has the twin responsibility of standardizing and regulating the training of personnel and professionals in the field of Rehabilitation and Special Education.
National Trust Act, 1999
The National Trust for Welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 No 44 of 1999 (30th December 1999) is an act to provide for the constitution of a body at the national level for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidental there to.
National Policy for Persons with Disability
The National Policy recognizes that Persons with Disabilities as a valuable human resource for the country and seeks to create an environment that country and seeks to create an environment that provides them equal opportunities, protection of their rights and full participation in society.
The focus of the policy is on (a) Prevention of Disabilities and (b) Rehabilitation Measures .
The salient features of the National Policy are :
Physical Rehabilitation, which includes early detection and intervention, which includes early detection and intervention, counseling & medical interventions and provision of aids & appliances.
Education Rehabilitation including vocational training and
Economic Rehabilitation for a dignified life in society